Opthalmic or Eye Surgeries and Definitions
Ophthalmology is a branch of medicine concerned with the eye and its diseases.
Blepharoplasty- repair of the upper or lower lid to remove excessive skin that interferes with vision. It may be cosmetic or therapeutic.
Cataract- a gradual clouding of the lens of the eye which impairs visions.
Cataract Extraction- the cloudy lens is removed by phacoemulsion(the use of ultrasonic sound waves or vibrations). A lens implant is then inserted to replace the removed lens.
Ectropion Repair- repair of the outward turning of the eyelid.
Entropion Repair- repair of the inward turning of the eyelid, usually the lower lid.
Glaucoma- a disease which is characterized by an increase in pressure in the eye causing defects in the field of vision, pain and possible blindness
Iridectomy- removal of a portion of the iris in the treatment of glaucoma.
Ptosis Repair- the repair of a drooping upper eyelid.
Stabismus Repair- eye muscle surgery to repair either an inward or outward turning of the eye. It may affect one or both eyes.
Trabeculectomy- microsurgery of the eye in which small incisions are made to allow fluid to drain. It is a treatment for glaucoma.