CT Scan (computerized Tomography Scanning): Specialized, computerized x-ray studies often used to diagnose cancer and other conditions.
Chemotherapy: Drug treatment for cancer either through pills or injections.
Hospice: A concept of psychological and supportive care that meets the special needs of patients and families during the terminal stages of illness.
Malignant Tumor: A mass of cancer cells that may spread to other parts of the body.
Metastasis: The spread of cancer cells to distant areas of the body by way of the lymph system or blood stream.
MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging): A technique using magnetic fields to produce images of the body to diagnose cancer and other conditions.
Oncology: The science dealing with all aspects of cancer.
Palliative Care: Treatment that relieves symptoms, including pain, but does not alter the course of disease. The primary goal is to improve the quality of life.
Prognosis: A projection of the course of the disease and the future prospects for the patient.
Radiation Therapy: Treatment of cancer with high-energy radiation.
Respite Care: Care provided to a patient in the home or hospital by professionals that allows the usual caretakers (i.e., the family) to have a break from continuous care.
Screening: The search for disease in people without known symptoms.
Tumor: An abnormal tissue swelling or mass that may or may not be cancer.